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Unearth a treasure trove of Georgia's cultural highlights and fascinating history, accompanied by unexpected culinary delights. Wander cosmopolitan Tbilisi's cobbled streets and boulevards, stopping to feast on cheese-laden Khachapuri. After sampling Qvevri-made wines in the Kakheti Valley, head into the Caucasus Mountains to explore Gergeti's iconic Holy Trinity Church.
7 nights comfortable hotel
Trip maximum 16 Explore Average 11
Itineraries on some departure dates may differ, please select the itinerary that you wish to explore.
The trip starts today in Tbilisi, the cosmopolitan capital of Georgia where both the old and new districts capture the imagination with their eclectic mix of architectural styles.
There are no activities planned for today and you are free to arrive at any time although please note that your hotel room may not be available until after 2pm. Airport transfers are available to all customers arriving both today (day 1), and on day 2, into Tbilisi International Airport (TBS), which is around forty five minutes drive from our hotel. As many flights don't arrive into Tbilisi until late tonight or the early hours of tomorrow morning, your tour leader does not plan to hold the welcome meeting until after breakfast tomorrow (day 2). Check the hotel reception for a notice with exact timings.
If you arrive with time to explore, our hotel is centrally located and you may like to head out on foot across the river for a wander in the cobbled streets of Old Tbilisi and your first taste of Georgian cuisine and wine at one of the city's many restaurants. Tbilisi has a lively dining nightlife scene, a far cry from the days of the Soviet era.
Hotel KMM (or similar)
Your tour leader will hold a welcome meeting this morning at our hotel after breakfast covering what to expect over the coming week. Following this we'll head out to explore Tbilisi on a walking tour, starting our visit at the 13th century Church of Metekhi, sited imposingly on a cliff overlooking the Mktvari River that bisects the city. Crossing the Metekhi Bridge, we take the cable car up to the Narikala Fortress for a great bird's-eye view over the city before heading down to the famous brick-domed Sulphur baths of the Abanotubani district. Continuing through the narrow lanes of Old Tbilisi we pass colourful houses with painted wooden balconies, and stop off to enjoy a coffee and cake in one of the local cafes. Along our way we'll see the Great Synagogue, Medieval Sioni Cathedral and Anchiskhati Church.
Arriving in the newer part of the city we stroll along Tbilisi's main street, Rustaveli Avenue, with its many grand buildings. This is also the location of our first culinary experience of the holiday - a khachapuri 'masterclass'. Khachapuri is a much-loved traditional Georgian cheese-filled bread, popular both in restaurants and as a street food. It is considered by many to be Georgia's national dish and the Gastronomic Association of Georgia have even assigned 27th February to be National Khachapuri Day! The bread is leavened, allowed to rise, then moulded into various shapes before being filled with a mixture of cheese, and other ingredients. The shape of the khachapuri and additional fillings varies regionally. For example the Adjarian khachapuri is boat shaped with cheese, butter and an egg yolk in the middle, while the Gurian has chopped boiled eggs inside and looks like a crescent-shaped calzone. At our masterclass we'll observe the khachapuri being made and sample an array of regional variations.
Khachapuri are commonly pared with a glass of Lagidze water, a soft drink made with soda water and natural fruit and herb flavoured syrups. It is named after its inventor Mitrofan Laghidze, a pharmacist's apprentice in the late 19th century, who wanted to find a natural alternative to the imported lemonade essences used at the time. Popular flavours include tarragon, lemon and chocolate.
This morning we leave Tbilisi and head east to Kakheti, Georgia's wine region. Georgia is one of the oldest wine growing regions in the world, having been producing wine for over 8000 years. We drive through stunning countryside with mountain views. Our first stop is at the tiny fortified town Signaghi, where we'll have time to explore. We then head to Kvareli to spend time with a local family and have a hands-on lesson in making Georgian bread and churchkhela, traditional Georgian sweets that look a bit like candles. Churchkhela are made with grape juice that's heated in large copper cauldrons to remove impurities before being thickened with flour. Shelled nuts (walnuts, hazelnuts and almonds being most typical) are stung onto threads which are dipped into the cooled grape mixture until coated to the desired thickness, then hung up to dry in the sun.
We'll enjoy a traditional mstvadi lunch with our hosts. Mtsvadi is a traditional Georgian barbecue dish consisting of a skewered shish kebab. Ground pork, mutton, or veal is typically marinated in a mixture of lemon juice, pomegranate juice, tarragon, salt, pepper, and chopped onions, so that it remains tender and juicy when grilled. Prepared outdoors over an open fire, it's usually accompanied by tkemali plum sauce, raw onion rings, sliced tomatoes, and pomegranate seeds.
In the afternoon we'll visit a local master craftsman who will show us how qvevri are made. Qvevri are large amphora-like earthenware vessels, that have been used in the traditional Georgian wine-making process for thousands of years. The qvevri are buried underground and the entire wine making process takes place within the qvevri, from fermentation right through to maturation, with the fermenting grape juice often being left on the skins and even grape stems to create wines of exceptional flavour, complexity and colour.
After a full day of activity we head to our hotel in Telavi, a small market town in the foothills of the Tsiv-Gombori mountain range.
Hotel Kiviria (or similar)
Our first port of call this morning is the local farmers' market in Telavi. It's great place to mingle among the local shoppers and admire the stalls, loaded with local produce from fresh fruits and vegetables to meats and different varieties of cheese. We then drive out of town to visit the 11th century Alaverdi Cathedral, set in a fertile river valley against the backdrop of the Caucasus Mountains - it's an impressive sight. In front of the Cathedral, we'll visit a small shop for a tasting of matsoni, a cultured milk product similar to yoghurt that's famed for its benefits on the digestive system. Matsoni has many uses in Georgian culinary traditions. It is enjoyed as an accompaniment to bread, it can be made into soups, sauces, or marinades and can also be mixed with fresh or dried fruits, honey, and/or walnuts and eaten as a desert.
Our next destination is the Pankisi Valley, home to the distinct community of the Kists. Descendants of Chechen settlers who migrated to Georgia in the 19th century, the Kists speak their own language, follow Sunni Muslim traditions and have their own cuisine. We'll join a family in the Valley for the opportunity to help them prepare, and then enjoy, a traditional Kist meal of jijig galnish, a lamb stew with distinct oblong dumplings, served with garlic sauce.
Georgian wine is the focus of our afternoon, starting with a visit to the Kondoli wine cellar where we'll taste some organic qvevri made wines and learn about this unique production process that features on the UNESCO intangible heritage list. We'll round off our day at the beautiful Tsindali wine estate. The park and house used to be the gathering place of famous poets and artists in the 19th century and it was here that the first wine was bottled in Georgia.
This morning we drive to picturesque Mtskheta, one of the oldest cities in Georgia , it's the country's spiritual capital and home to several outstanding cultural monuments. We'll visit Svetitskhoveli Cathedral (11th century), founded on the site chosen by St. Nino as the place for the first church in Georgia, and Jvari Monastery (6th century) from where we have spectacular views of Mtskheta and the confluence of two rivers below.
Our culinary experience of the day is the chance to gets hands-on at a cookery demonstration in the home of Teona. Teona is an avid home cook and enjoys sharing her passion for cooking and Georgian cuisine with travellers. Some of the traditional dishes likely to be on the menu include the delicious eggplant rolls stuffed with walnut paste and kharcho, a beef soup with rice, cherry, plum puree and chopped walnuts.
Later in the afternoon we'll head for the unusual site of the ancient cave town of Uplistsikhe where streets, churches, palaces and residential buildings have all been carved into the mountainside. Dating from the first millennium BC, it grew to be an important city on the Silk Road trade route. Our destination for tonight is the city of Gori . Famous for being the birthplace of Joseph Stalin, we'll make a short photo stop at his house, now located in a museum.
Gori Inn (or similar)
Today we head north towards the ever increasingly more dramatic scenery of the Caucasus Mountains and the Georgian-Russian border. The road, known as the Georgian Military Highway, has long served as both a trade route and as a means of invading Georgia from the north. Along our journey we pay a visit to Ananuri where two churches and a 17th century fortress overlook the Zhinvali reservoir. Reaching Stepantsminda (formerly known as Kazbegi), the main town in the region, lying in the shadow of Mount Kazbek (5054m), we've time for a look around before calling in at the Art House to see how felt is made following the traditional process. We'll also have the chance to try some local jams and herbal teas. Many households have vines in their yards and make jam from the grapes. The inhabitants of the Caucasus forage from a wide variety of botanical sources for their herbal teas from bilberry and blackberry leaves to wild mountain thyme, rose hips, hawthorn berries and wild mint.
Our night stop today is the tiny village of Sno to the south of Stepantsminda. Our hotel enjoys great views of the surrounding mountains and there's a small indoor pool. This evening we'll enjoy an evening meal of typical Georgian dishes.
Hotel Sno (or similar)
We'll make an early start this morning as we plan to hike from Stepantsminda town through Gergeti village and up to the iconic 14th century Church of the Holy Trinity, stunningly located at 2710 metres on a hilltop overlooking the snowy peaks of the Caucasus Mountains. The walk is a round trip of around seven kilometres taking three to four hours with an ascent and descent of around 1000 metres each way. For anyone not wishing to take part in the hike, a local taxi can be booked. The area is a treasure trove of mythology - it was to the majestic Mount Kazbegi (5047 m), the highest peak in this region, that Prometheus was chained. This part of the Caucasus is a protected area, and is home to a variety of flora and fauna. Georgia has over 100 different mammals, and although the European bison and Caucasian leopard have become extinct, there are still wolves and bears in the mountains.
For lunch today we plan to enjoy another one of Georgia's national dishes, Khinkali dumplings. We will visit a local family and have the chance to join in with the dumplings being prepared. Made from twisted knobs of wheat dough, the dumplings are traditionally stuffed with spiced meat (lamb or beef and pork mixed), onions, chilli and cumin. Today, herbs such as coriander and parsley are often added and vegetarian versions with mushrooms, potatoes and cheese can be found. Khinkali resemble little sacks and are usually eaten by hand, picked up by the top of the pleated knot ( kudi) which is discarded after the juice of the dumplings is sucked out before the meat and dough are eaten. With our dumplings we can enjoy a glass of homebrew chacha, a potent brandy generally made from grapes, but figs and mulberries can also be used. Many Georgians claim chacha has medicinal properties including as a remedy for indigestion!
Leaving the Caucasus Mountains behind we'll descend once again along the Georgian Military Highway back to the capital Tbilisi for the final night of our culinary adventure. Before dinner tonight, there's the option of visiting one of the city's burgeoning wine bars for a final tasting of Georgia's fabulous wines. Be sure to try the trending Amber (sometimes known as Orange) wine if you've not already done so. It's totally natural, made from white grapes where the skins, seeds and sometimes stems are not removed from the qvevri vessel.
The trip ends after breakfast at our hotel in Tbilisi.
There are no activities planned today, so you are free to depart from Tbilisi at any time. If your flight is departing later in the day luggage storage facilities are available at our hotel. If you would like an airport transfer today, you need to depart from Tbilisi International Airport (TBS), which is 45 minutes drive from the hotel.
Georgia has a temperate climate with warm dry periods from June to September. Early and late in the season, temperatures can drop to sub-zero at higher altitude.
2 Pin Round
Tbilisi - Wine tasting
Take light and comfortable clothing that can be layered according to the temperature. Pack a waterproof jacket in case of rain and and a fleece jacket for evenings and cooler temperatures in the mountains. Several of the hotels have pools so you may wish to bring your swimming gear. A headscarf is essential for visiting churches and mosques. Both men and women will be required to cover their legs when entering churches.
Comfortable walking/trail shoes are ideal for visiting sites and hilly towns and the walk to Gergeti Church. Bring trainers or sandals for other activities, travelling and relaxing.
One main piece of baggage and daypack. Porters may not be available and you are expected to carry your own luggage on and off the tour bus and to your hotel room so don't overload yourself.
A waterbottle, torch, sunhat, suncream and sunglasses.
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Please refer to our COVID-19 entry requirements page for any country-specific conditions of entry. Whilst we strive to update this on a regular basis we recommend you also check the FCDO website for the latest advice on entry requirements in this fast-evolving situation. Information can change at any time.
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Georgia: Visas are not required for EU nationals, UK, Canadian or US citizens. Other nationalities should consult the relevant consulate.
If you do require assistance in obtaining a visa then you may be able to apply through Explore's recommended visa service in the UK, Travcour. See www.travcour.com to download the relevant visa application for your trip, if applicable (UK citizens only), along with details of how to apply for your visa through Travcour. The Team at Travcour will be happy to answer specific questions relating to visa applications, please call them directly on 0208 5431846.
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Customers who have chosen to book on the ‘Land Only’ arrangements of our tour, please ensure that you have checked your tour specific ‘Joining Instructions’ prior to booking your own travel arrangements. Your joining instructions can be found below in the dates and prices information.
You may also be eligible for the Free Explore Transfer.
Customers booked on the ‘Land Only’ arrangements will receive a Free Transfer, provided you arrive and depart on the tour only itinerary start and end dates. The complimentary transfers will be arranged from the Explore designated airport or train station to your trips joining point, and then back from the ending point to the designated airport or train station. Generally the airport or station that Explore have selected will be the one that is closest to the town or city where the trip starts, or the one nearest to the joining point. It will be either an airport or train station but not both.
The exception to this rule is customers who are booked on a tour where the joining and ending point is at the designated airport or train station.
Free transfers are not available for Polar customers.
If you are not eligible for the Free Transfer then you will need to make your own way through to the joining and ending point. On a majority of our tours Explore will be able to provide a private transfer at an additional cost. Please ask for a quote at the time of booking.
For more information regarding the Explore Free Transfer click here
It is a condition of booking with Explore that you have adequate valid travel insurance. It is your responsibility to arrange appropriate travel insurance and ensure you have read and understood the full terms and conditions of your travel insurance policy to ensure that you are covered for all activities you intend to undertake whilst on the tour, including all optional activities. Your Insurance Policy must fully cover you for medical expenses and emergency repatriation to your home country. Please ensure your policy includes medical emergency helicopter evacuation in the event of illness or injury and covers the entire duration of your holiday. If you are trekking at altitude please ensure that there is no upper altitude limit which may limit or exclude cover for your trip. The cost of many of our Polar Voyages will exceed the capped amount covered by standard insurance premiums and you will be required to pay an additional premium to cover the full value of your trip. Please ensure that you are covered for the full amount of your holiday cost, as insufficient cover could invalidate a claim under the policy. Medical and repatriation insurance cover is not mandatory for UK residents who are travelling on trips within the United Kingdom.
Read more information about what travel insurance is required.
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You are able to book this tour on a 'land only' basis or as a ‘flight inclusive’ package. Your flight inclusive package will be fully protected by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) ATOL protection scheme.
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On our website we display a UK flight inclusive package guide price which is generally based on a London departure. To avoid paying supplements or to secure your preferred flight option, we recommend booking as early as possible, especially for peak travel dates.
Nothing compulsory but we recommend protection against malaria, typhoid, tetanus, infectious hepatitis and polio. Consult your travel clinic for latest advice on different prophylaxis available against malaria. Please check the latest requirements with your travel clinic or doctor prior to departure. The above is not an exhaustive list. Further information regarding vaccinations and travel health advice can be found by following the NHS and NaTHNaC links at Explore Travel Health and from your local healthcare provider. Visa and vaccination requirements are subject to change and should be confirmed by you before travelling.